The thyroid gland influences almost all of the metabolic processes in your body. Thyroid disorders can range from a small, harmless goiter to life-threatening cancer. The most common thyroid problems involve abnormal production of thyroid hormones. Too much thyroid hormone results in a condition known as hyperthyroidism. Not enough hormone production leads to hypothyroidism.
Although the effects of thryoid problems can be uncomfortable, most can be managed well if properly diagnosed and treated.
Hyperthyroidism symptoms can include:
- Sudden weight loss, even when your appetite and the amount and type of food you eat remain the same or increase
- Rapid heartbeat, irregular heartbeat or pounding of your heart
- Increased appetite
- Nervousness, anxiety and irritability
- Tremor — usually a fine trembling in your hands and fingers
- Changes in menstrual patterns
- Increased sensitivity to heat
- Changes in bowel patterns, especially more frequent bowel movements
- An enlarged thyroid gland (goiter), which may appear as a swelling at the base of your neck
- Fatigue, muscle weakness
- Difficulty sleeping
- Fine, brittle hair
Hypothyroidism symptoms can include:
- Increased sensitivity to cold
- Dry skin
- Unexplained weight gain
- Puffy face
- Muscle weakness
- Elevated blood cholesterol level
- Muscle aches, tenderness and stiffness
- Heavier than normal or irregular menstrual periods
- Thinning hair
- Slowed heart rate
- Impaired memory
Thyroid Disorder Diagnosis
Thyroid disease can be difficult to diagnose because symptoms are easily confused with other conditions.
Thyroid Disorder Treatment
The goal of treatment for any thyroid disorder is to restore normal blood levels of thyroid hormone.
For more specific thyroid disorder treatment information, schedule a consultation with Dr. Oppenheimer to determine your needs.